Yes, your short film can and most likely will be reviewed online by professional film critics. Some of them will charge a fee, while others will do it for free.
If you happened to have made a horror film, then you’re in luck! There are hundreds of websites and blogs dedicated to reviewing, featuring, and promoting short horror films, and they are just begging for good content. I dig into the specifics of getting reviews in the chapter on Distribution in my book, Lessons From the Set.